Water and fertilizer integrated machine irrigation system
The water and fertilizer integrated machine irrigation system is an automatic control irrigation and fertilization system specially developed for the integration of water and fertilizer in the Internet of Things. It organically combines irrigation water-saving technology, crop cultivation technology, and water-saving irrigation project operation management technology. It also integrates electronic information technology, remote measurement and control network technology, computer (mobile phone) control technology, and information collection and processing technology. The design process of modularization and modularization is used to build an automatic monitoring and control system for water supply flow, pressure, soil moisture, and meteorological data, to simulate and optimize water and soil environmental factors, to store and analyze the data, and to realize irrigation with big data processing technology. Approaching control of technical control indicators such as water saving, crop physiology, soil moisture, etc., so as to realize the integration of water and fertilizer automation, network, and platform.
By deploying various sensor equipment at the agricultural production site to detect data and upload it to the integrated intelligent water and fertilizer management platform, producers can log in to the intelligent agricultural management cloud platform through personal computers, smartphones, tablets and other terminals to realize agricultural production Remote real-time detection of on-site weather, soil, and environment, and remote automatic control of agricultural facilities such as irrigation, fertilization, ventilation, cooling, temperature increase, and light supplementation in farmland, greenhouses, and greenhouses.
The intelligent water and fertilizer integrated precision irrigation management system has three major functional advantages: ecological monitoring, remote control, and expert diagnosis. The system comprehensively uses IoT sensing, image recognition, cloud computing and other technologies to guide the standardized planting of agricultural products through real-time monitoring and improve the level of intensive management; use remote automation control technology to improve labor productivity and reduce labor costs; the system data analysis center can assist in optimization Management decision-making to achieve the goal of precise irrigation, water and fertilizer saving.
Water and fertilizer integrated system irrigation. For the integrated water and fertilizer system, the soil moisture sensor is used to monitor the moisture in the soil. When the system detects that the soil moisture is lower than the standard value, the system can automatically turn on the irrigation system to irrigate crops. After the moisture reaches the standard, the system can automatically shut down the irrigation system. Users only need to set the standard data of soil moisture in advance to realize automatic irrigation! In addition, the control of fertilization by the integrated water and fertilizer system is also based on sensor monitoring. The soil nutrient sensor monitors the nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium content in the soil. When it detects that the soil nutrients are lower than the standard value, the system can automatically turn on the fertilization system, Apply fertilizer to realize automatic fertilization.
1. Improve fertilizer utilization rate and meet crop fertilizer requirements: Water-fertilizer integration technology reduces fertilizer volatilization and loss, and realizes balanced fertilization and centralized fertilization. It has simple fertilization, easy absorption of crops, fast fertilizer efficiency, timely fertilizer supply, and fertilizer utilization. Higher advantages, reducing the loss caused by excess nutrients. The integrated water and fertilizer technology fully meets the requirements of crops for fertilizer and water, and guarantees the yield of crops in production. Through artificial quantitative regulation during the critical growth period, the symptoms of crop deficiency are effectively avoided, and the quality of crops is effectively improved. Therefore, this technology greatly improves the utilization rate of fertilizer.
2. Reduce water pollution: The integrated water and fertilizer technology not only saves nitrogen fertilizer, but also avoids the volatilization loss of urea and ammonium nitrogen fertilizer on the ground, which is beneficial to protect the environment. In traditional fertilization, fertilization on dry topsoil can easily cause the problems of volatilization loss and slow dissolution. However, the integration of water and fertilizer technology can avoid the problems, and ultimately improve the speed of fertilizer efficiency. According to research, the irrigation fertilization system saves 50% to 60% of fertilizer compared with conventional fertilization. At the same time, the problem of water pollution caused by excessive fertilization in facility crops and orchards is greatly reduced.